South of Lake Titicaca, at a distance of 24 km, is the Tiahuanacu Temple. Although it was badly damaged due to earthquakes and human vandalism, the temple remains one of the most mysterious, and also full of legends. Recent interventions for the restoration create the image of the temple, as it once looked. Research shows that it was inhabited in the first centuries of our era. A detailed analysis of the astronomical orientation of this temple, as demonstrated by Stonehenge, shows that the site dates back 17,000 years, making it the oldest in the world. Mythology tells us that “here, the gods once created man.”
The alignment of the stones revealed data about the sunset and sunrise
Arthur Posnansky of the University of La Paz (Bolivia), excavated and did extensive research between 1900 and 1940. The main study was how the stones were aligned and what they could reveal to us about the sunset and sunrise since 17,000 years ago, for years, both in summer and in winter. The enormous stone blocks, which weighed between 100 and 150 tons, showed the mastery with which this temple was built. How many nations were born and how many perished in these millennia we have no way of knowing, but at least 5 different architectural structures have been discovered in Peru, the last of which belongs to the Incas.
The Incas are other Children of the Sun. The Inca civilization being the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. And they lived in the heat of the Sun as the archeological discoveries show us. There were several local forms of worship, but the most important god was Inti, the Sun God. The Incas had three myths of origin. In one of them, Tica Viracocha from Colina de las Ventanas in Pacaritambo sent her four sons and four daughters to build a village. On the way, Sinchi Roca (son of Manco and Ocllo) was born, and he led them to the Cuzco Valley, where they founded their new city. Manco became their leader, being known as Manco Capac. In another myth, the sun god Inti ordered Manco Capac and Mother Ocllo to rise from the depths of Lake Tititaca and find the city of Cuzco. They went through underground caves until they found Cuzco, founding here Hurin Cuzco, the first dynasty of the Kingdom of Cuzco.
The myths were transmitted orally
In the third myth of the origins, an Inca sun god told his wife that he was alone. She proposed to him to create a civilization that would worship him and keep him company. The god received this advice as a wise idea and implemented it, so the Incas were born from Lake Cazco and populated the Andes and worshiped their god. Myths have been transmitted orally since the days when the Incas did not use writing. There was probably a Manco Capac who became the leader of his tribe. Archaeological evidence indicates that it was still a relatively unimportant tribe until Sinchi Roca, also called Cinchi Roca, which is the first important figure in Inca mythology, its historical existence being very likely.
An Inca city is the famous Machu Picchu, worshiped as a sacred place since ancient times. Whatever its origins, the Incas turned it into a small (5 square miles), but extraordinary city. Invisible below and completely natural limited, surrounded by enough agricultural terraces to feed the population, and irrigated by natural springs, Machu Picchu seems to have been used by the Incas as a secret ceremonial city. These structures, dug in the granite at the top of the mountain are both architectural and aesthetic wonders.
How they were built remains a mystery
Many of the bricks weighing 50 tons or even more are so precisely carved and joined together with such precision that mortarless joints do not allow even a knife blade to enter between them. Little is known about the social or religious uses of the city in Inca times. The skeletons of 10 women and a man lead to the assumption that this site could have been a sanctuary for the training of priestesses and / or brides of the Inca nobility. However, subsequent examination of the bones revealed an equal number of male bones, indicating that Machu Picchu was not exclusively a temple for women.
Road networks – another enigma
One of the enigmas of Machu Picchu are the road networks made by those who did not know the wheel. 16,000 km of paved roads (the second longest, after the Romanian network of 90 thousand km), including suspension bridges in swampy and sandy areas. Why this effort to cut “highways” in the Andes, if the Incas did not have vehicles, not knowing the wheel? There were no signposts every 7 km and resting places every 20 km. The idea of using it as a runway has been put forward by many researchers, but there is no credible evidence… No specially designed road led to Machu Picchu. This enclave (probably of priests, able to accommodate only 500 people) exists as if outside time and space, hiding mysteries still impenetrable.